Archive for February 17th, 2013

Nature Ramble

We don’t know everything.

So this week we’re off across the globe to Indonesia.

New species are being found, other species are extinct or on that road.

There’s just so much we don’t know about our own planet.

A new owl species from Indonesia is formally described

New owl species Otus jolande, found in Lombok, Indonesia

A new species of owl discovered in Lombok, Indonesia, has been formally described by scientists.

The Rinjani Scops owl (Otus jolandae) was discovered by two separate researchers just days apart in September 2003.

The “common” owl is the first endemic bird species recorded on the island of Lombok.

“I found the new owl on 3 September 2003, and Ben King found it independently at a different location on 7 September 2003.”

“I was on Lombok to collect sound recordings of the local population of a species of nightjar. On the first night I arrived on Lombok, we heard the vocalisations of an owl that [I was] not familiar with.”

Coincidentally researcher Ben King, from the Ornithology Department, American Museum of Natural History in New York, USA, was in Lombok at the same time, recording the same nightjar species even though the researchers had never met.

Mr King commented, “My experience was similar to George’s. While I was tape-recording the nightjar, I heard a song that sounded like an owl, but unlike any I’d heard in years of field work in Indonesia.”

Initially Mr Sangster was not certain whether it was a previously known species from Java and Bali that for some reason had been overlooked on Lombok.

This explanation was quickly ruled out when he played back the sound recordings of the owl.

“When we first heard them, the owls were very vocal, and either involved in a duet (of male and female) or a duel (between two males).

Because we were not sure which species this was, we made recordings and played it back.

Owls are territorial, so when their sound is played back in their territory, the owl usually comes to investigates the ‘intruder’.”

The owls responded strongly to the recordings and approached the researchers, meaning they had a clear view of the owls.

This meant that the volcalisations were indeed the song,a crucial piece of information according to researchers.

Researchers attracted the owls by playing back sound recordings

The Rinjani Scops owls initially looked very similar to the Moluccan Scops owl, a species of owl that was reported to occur on Lombok.

However, their whistles sounded completely different from the “raven-like croak” of the Moluccan Scops Owl.

The researchers only realised that they had in fact discovered a new species when they checked the taxonomic literature and examined their recordings more closely.

Previously no endemic species of birds from the island of Lombok were known.

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