Posts Tagged ‘nature reserve’

Nature Ramble

Nice story today. Recovering wasteland.

David Attenborough opens Essex nature reserve built on London’s waste

Thurrock Thameside nature park, which rests on a rubbish dump, has been officially opened by Sir David Attenborough

Tarnya Carter and John Hall of the Essex Wildlife Trust, at Mucking Landfill Site which is being transformed into a wildlife habitat and public park. Photograph: Murdo MacLeod

Thurrock Thameside nature park has the look of a classic wildlife reserve. Perched on the Essex coastline on the Thames estuary, it covers 120 acres of grass, bramble and shrub. It is home to barn owls, brown hares, harvest mice, great crested newts, yellow wagtails, reed buntings, adders and various orchids. It is, in short, a haven for nature lovers.

The site has one unusual feature, however: it rests on a thick bed of rubbish and domestic waste that has been dumped by six London boroughs over the past 50 years and which, in places, has piled up to form layers that are 30m thick. It is a strange bedrock for a nature reserve to say the least.

It is a certainly remarkable transformation. And yesterday, the Essex nature park – awarded an ethical award by the Observer in 2011 – was given a great accolade: Sir David Attenborough conducted the official opening. “We live in a crowded country and need to respect its limits to sustain us,” he said at the opening ceremony. “Change like this must become the norm.”

This point was backed by John Hall, chief executive of Essex Wildlife Trust, which has played a key role in turning the giant rubbish dump into a wildlife refuge. “This was an old gravel pit and once excavations were finished it was used as a vast dump for London’s domestic rubbish,” he said. “Every day, barges of the stuff were brought up the Thames and dumped. The only wildlife we had were gulls – thousands of them. They used to go through the rubbish for food. They would drag waste out then spread it round the area. Local people would find they had dropped rotting chicken bones in their garden.”

It was a very different vision yesterday. Skylarks – whose numbers are declining alarmingly elsewhere – were singing while several adders were spotted by visitors. “Adders are very shy, which suggests there is now a healthy population at Thurrock,” Hall said. “That in turn, indicates healthy numbers of their prey, creatures such as voles. The presence of these animals also explains significant numbers of peregrines and barn owls.”

But creating this haven from a rubbish tip – carried out by the wildlife trust and the landfill company Cory Environmental – has not been easy. First the rubbish had to be compacted. Then a thick layer of clay, known as a pie-crust, was placed over this vast sea of waste. This has since been covered in soil on which grass, bushes and wildlife have established themselves.

“So far we have 120 acres fully restored,” said Hall. “There are a further 400 acres we will take over once they have been covered with soil and plants. We also plan to take over some other local land so that we will have a reserve of more than 800 acres here in the near future, one of our biggest.”

For good measure, the reserve is also generating power for the electricity grid. The methane created by the rotting foodstuffs at its core is collected and burned to drive 15 turbines that will provide enough electricity to power 100,000 homes for the next 30 years.


Where there’s Mucking, there’s grass: For 50 years an old quarry was a giant rubbish dump. Now it’s a thriving nature reserve


An Essex landfill site which once took 15 per cent of all London’s rubbish has been ingeniously transformed into a nature reserve. The tip, full to a depth of 30 metres with the capital’s garbage, was first covered with earth and then turned into grassland. Here, and in adjacent wetland and wooded areas, hundreds of rare species now thrive.

Instead of the drone of machinery bringing in tons of detritus there is the song of skylarks. In place of the whine of the ubiquitous gulls, there are barn owls, little owls and short-eared owls, waders, cuckoos, and the melodies of nightingales. And where there was only the sight and smell of fermenting rubbish, there are orchids and the rare bees that sip from their flowers. Water voles are here in numbers, too, plus slow-worms, common lizards and an estimated 500 adders.

Thus has the wonderfully named Mucking Landfill miraculously become the Thurrock Thameside Nature Park…

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Short-eared Owl. EWT Thameside Nature Park, Thurrock. 19th February 2013. Photo by Denis Tuck.

Short-eared Owl. EWT Thameside Nature Park, Thurrock. 19th February 2013. Photo by Denis Tuck.


The stunning waxwing bird has been sighted in Essex this winter, and the charity, which has bases at Chafford Gorges Nature Reserve and Thameside Nature Park - image Thurrock Gazette

The stunning waxwing bird has been sighted in Essex this winter, and the charity, which has bases at Chafford Gorges Nature Reserve and Thameside Nature Park – image Thurrock Gazette


Wallasea Island Nature Reserve

Turning back the clock.

Returning land to nature is something that we rarely see these days. It’s a step in the right direction.

Wallasea Island nature reserve project construction begins

Wallasea Island

Construction work has begun on Europe’s largest man-made nature reserve, located in Essex.

Wallasea Island is being transformed from farmland into a 670-hectare (1,500-acre) wetland.

The site is using 4.5 million tonnes of earth excavated from the Crossrail project, for which a 21km (13 mile) tunnel is being bored through London.

The land will be transformed into marshes, lagoons and mudflats to attract birds and other wildlife.

The Royal Society for the Protection of Birds (RSPB) reserve is due to be completed by 2020, and will cost about £50m in total.

Excess earth

It is making good use of the excess earth being generated from the separate £14.8bn Crossrail project. The twin-bore tunnels being dug out to link east and west London would have seen six million tonnes of earth in need of a new home – but three-quarters of this will head to Wallasea Island via freight trains and ships to create the new reserve.

A new jetty has been constructed to allow the material to be unloaded on the island, which is nine miles (14km) north-east of Southend.

The extra earth will be used to raise the site, which is currently about 2m (7ft) below sea level.

For hundreds of years, ancient sea walls held back the tides to allow this land to be used as farmland. But in 2006, small sections of sea wall were breached to let the waters flood back in, and more will be breached from 2015 onwards.

he RSPB hopes the wetland will attract species such as the spoonbill and Kentish plover, as well as boost numbers of geese, wigeon and curlew.

It also says saltwater fish such as bass, herring and flounder should thrive in the coastal waters.

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